Graphene cut by Nickel

Ni nanoparticles absorb carbon from graphene edges which then reacts with H2 to create methane © Nano Letters

New Scientist has published the second half of it’s 50 ideas to change science forever list, and it’s no surprise chemistry featured heavily again. So see the rest for yourself:

  1. Graphene: Although the Nobel prize went to physicists who found a new and convenient way of making this wonder material, no one can doubt the chemistry that  makes it so interesting. (See Chemistry World articles here, here, here)

  2. Spintronics: A new way of carrying information may emerge once, instead of the charge on electrons carrying data, the quantum-mechanical spins of individual electrons can be made to do the job. (See Chemistry World articles here)
  3. Chemistry on Mars: Understanding our solar system better is a quest that we have been on for centuries. The chemistry on Mars can help us unravel many of those mysteries. (See Chemistry World articles here, here, here)
  4. Superconductors: The constant search for that elusive material which will conduct without resistance at room temperature. When found, it will fundamentally change the way we live. (See Chemistry World articles hereherehere)
  5. Transforming optics: When optical fibres were first made, germanium played an important role in tuning the refractive index of the glass. Unlike the electrons  in conventional conductors, photons which do the job in optical fibres are less obedient. New materials will be needed if we want to push our data transfer speeds. (Listen to the Chemistry in its element podcast on Germanium here).
  6. Memristors: The fourth fundamental unit of electronic circuits has been found and guess what? It was because of new materials. (See Chemistry World articles herehere)
  7. Nuclear transmutation: Making nuclear waste safer is the only we can convince more countries to adopt this low-carbon technology. Learning about the transmutation of nuclear waste will help us achieve that goal. (See Chemistry World articles herehere)
  8. Nanogenerators: How to convert our everyday mechanical energy (like walking) into electricity? New ways of making nanogenerators have made it possible for us to dream about such sources of electricity. (See Chemistry World articles here)

Chemistry is ubiquitous and the challenges it faces are growing by the day, unfortunately, some people aren’t ready to believe that.

Akshat Rathi

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Chemistry that can change the world - II, 7.5 out of 10 based on 2 ratings
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